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An Introduction to Gestalt Awareness Practice and Its Role in Self-Discovery

In the realm of personal growth and self-discovery, numerous modalities are available to facilitate the journey of self-exploration. Gestalt Awareness Practice (GAP) is one such modality that combines the principles of Gestalt therapy with mindfulness-based approaches to promote self-awareness and personal growth. Let's delve into understanding this unique therapeutic approach.

Gestalt Therapy: The Foundation of GAP

Before we delve into Gestalt Awareness Practice, we must understand its roots: Gestalt therapy. Founded in the mid-20th century by Fritz Perls, Laura Perls, and Paul Goodman, Gestalt therapy is a form of psychotherapy that emphasizes personal responsibility and focuses on the individual's experience in the present moment.

Gestalt therapy seeks to help individuals understand their thoughts, feelings, and actions in the here-and-now. The premise is that we often unconsciously create patterns in our lives. By becoming aware of these patterns, we can gain insight, make changes, and ultimately achieve self-discovery.

Understanding Gestalt Awareness Practice (GAP)

Building on the principles of Gestalt therapy, Gestalt Awareness Practice was developed by Richard and Christine Price in the 1970s. GAP combines the focus on present moment awareness and the relational nature of Gestalt therapy with the self-observation elements of Buddhist mindfulness practices.

At its core, GAP is a process of non-judgmental, present-moment awareness. It involves observing our experience as it unfolds in real-time and exploring the patterns that emerge. GAP places a particular emphasis on body awareness and sensory experience, highlighting how our bodily sensations often reflect our emotional states.

Key Elements of Gestalt Awareness Practice

GAP utilizes several key elements to facilitate self-discovery:

  1. Present Moment Awareness: At the heart of GAP is a focus on the present moment. This means tuning into what is happening right now, without getting lost in thoughts about the past or future.

  2. Non-Judgmental Observation: GAP encourages individuals to observe their experiences without judging or analyzing them. This non-judgmental stance creates a space for deeper understanding and self-acceptance.

  3. Body Awareness: GAP emphasizes the importance of body awareness. By tuning into our physical sensations, we can gain insights into our emotional states and psychological patterns.

  4. Relational Exploration: GAP recognizes the importance of relationships in shaping our experiences. It often involves exploring our interactions with others and how they reflect our patterns and behaviors.

The Process of GAP

A typical GAP session involves guided mindfulness meditation, during which the practitioner encourages the participant to focus on their present-moment experience. This could be bodily sensations, thoughts, emotions, or perceptions.

As the participant shares their experience, the practitioner provides gentle prompts to guide deeper exploration. The goal is not to fix or change the experience but rather to fully explore and understand it. This process is often referred to as "unpacking" the experience, as it involves delving into the layers of thoughts, feelings, and sensations that make up our moment-to-moment reality.

The Role of GAP in Self-Discovery

GAP offers a powerful tool for self-discovery. Here are a few ways it facilitates this process:

  1. Pattern Recognition: GAP helps individuals recognize recurring patterns in their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. This awareness can provide valuable insights into our underlying beliefs and assumptions.

  2. Emotional Clarity: By tuning into our bodily sensations, we can gain a better understanding of our emotional states. This can help us respond to our emotions in healthier ways, rather than reacting out of habit or unconscious patterns.

  3. Mindfulness Skills: GAP teaches essential mindfulness skills, such as present-moment awareness and non-judgmental observation. These skills can enhance our overall quality of life, reducing stress and increasing our capacity for enjoyment and fulfillment.

  4. Relationship Insights: By exploring our relational patterns in the context of GAP, we can gain a deeper understanding of how we relate to others. This can lead to healthier, more satisfying relationships.


Gestalt Awareness Practice offers a unique and potent approach to self-discovery. By combining the principles of Gestalt therapy with mindfulness practices, GAP invites us into a deeper relationship with ourselves and our experiences. It allows us to observe our patterns, understand our emotions, enhance our relationships, and ultimately, embark on a journey of self-discovery.

However, like any other therapeutic approach, GAP may not be suitable for everyone. If you're interested in trying GAP, it's crucial to seek guidance from a trained and experienced practitioner. Regardless of the path you choose, remember that the journey of self-discovery is a personal one, unique as the individual undertaking it.

Gestalt Awareness Practice

  1. Perls, F. S., Hefferline, R. F., & Goodman, P. (1951). Gestalt Therapy: Excitement and Growth in the Human Personality. Julian Press.

  2. Brownell, P. (Ed.) (2010). Gestalt Therapy: A Guide to Contemporary Practice. Springer Publishing Company.

  3. Feder, B., & Frew, J. (Eds.) (2013). Beyond the Hot Seat Revisited: Gestalt Approaches to Group. GestaltPress.

  4. O'Leary, E., & Nieuwstraten, I. (2003). Gestalt Therapy: A Practical Approach. Nelson Thornes.

  5. Levitsky, A., & Perls, F. (2000). Gestalt Therapy: Perspectives and Applications. Gestalt Journal Press.

  6. Smith, E. W. L. (2005). The Body in Psychotherapy: Inquiries in Somatic Psychology. North Atlantic Books.

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